While lacking the full feature-set and power of Microsoft Excel, Google Sheets still has a massive amount of functionality, making it a contender with Excel as the top spreadsheet application and a very powerful tool for working with data. Since it has many of the same features as Excel, some tasks can be done in both software packages in much the same way, while others require a different approach.

In this how-to tutorial, I will show you several different methods in Sheets for subtracting numbers from one another, a fundamental spreadsheet function. Doing some basic data entry and mathematical functions are a great way to start learning a new spreadsheet software package. Some of these ways are just the same as you would do it in Excel, while others are different.

The simplest way to subtract two numbers in Sheets works just the same as it would work in Excel — click on a cell, type what you want to subtract in the formula bar, and the cell will now contain the value of that computation. Just like functions in Excel, in Google Sheets, you start with an equal sign. Value1 is the value you want to subtract from, and value2 is the value you want to subtract from value2. In ordinary math notation, it would be value1 — value2.

Cell B5 will return the value 50 when you press Enter. The subtraction formula in Google Sheets is actually much the same as how you would subtract numerical values with a calculator. You can include either actual numbers or spreadsheet cell references in the formula. For example, select the cell C3 in a Google Sheets spreadsheet.

The total of 50 will appear in cell C3. Alternatively, you can subtract values entered into spreadsheet cells instead. B6 will now include the total of B3-B4, which is otherwise Aside from integers and real numbers, you can also subtract dates with the subtraction formula.

You can find the number of days between dates by entering the dates in spreadsheet cells and including their cell references in the formula. Enter the dates in the U. Then select D8 to include the formula in that cell.

D8 will now include the value 36, as in the shot below.

As you see and can confirm by looking at a calendarthere are 36 days between the dates. This also tells you about some of the other Google Sheets functions that calculate the number of days between dates. Google Sheets users can deduct cell range totals by incorporating the SUM function within a subtraction formula. Then your spreadsheet should match the example directly below. Now select F7 and click within the fx bar. Cell F7 will deduct the column F total from column E, which amounts to You can also include numeric values in the formula instead.

F8 will also return the same total as F7. Google Sheets includes an Add Sheet button that enables you to add more worksheets to a spreadsheet. If you add multiple worksheets to your spreadsheet, you might need to subtract numbers in alternative sheets. You can do that by including sheet references within a subtraction formula. Then you should press the Add Sheet button at the bottom left of Google Sheets to add Sheet 2 to the spreadsheet. Now you can add a formula to your spreadsheet that deducts B10 in Sheet 2 from B10 in the first worksheet.

Select Sheet 1 and click cell B B11 will include a total of 25, which is the difference between and Subtraction formulas in Sheets are flexible, so you can adjust them in various ways to deduct values as required. Check out this Tech Junkie guide for further details on Excel subtraction formulas, many of which you can also use in Google Sheets. You might also like this article on How to get absolute value using Google Sheets. Please leave a comment below.Adding up rows or columns of numbers is a common operation carried out in all spreadsheet programs.

If you change entries or add text to blank cells, the total updates to include the new data. These instructions use the Google Sheets app for iOS. A function in Google Sheets and other spreadsheet programs like Microsoft Excel has three parts:.

In this case, the numbers in the parentheses are the individual cells being added. The range option is how you add columns and rows. Before you begin, enter the information you want to add up into a spreadsheet, then follow these steps:. Choose the numbers you want to add together. One way to do this is to tap the cells you want. The cell references appear inside the parentheses in the formula. To select a range of adjacent cells at once, tap one for example, the first one in a row or columnthen tap and drag the circle to select the numbers you want to add together.

The Function menu on the desktop version of Google Sheets contains a few commonly used formulas. SUM may be on that list. Google Drive Sheets Docs Slides.

Tweet Share Email. This tells the program that you're entering a function. The name of the function. This is usually in all-caps, but that isn't necessary.

A set of parentheses:. If the function includes work on a set of numbers in the spreadsheet, these numbers go in the parentheses to tell the program which data to use in the formula.

Some functions, like NOWwhich returns the current date and time, have the parentheses but are empty. Using the information above, write a SUM function like this:. Click or tap the cell where you want to place the formula. Tap Enter text or formula to display the keyboard.

You can include empty cells in a function. Enter a closing parenthesis to end the function, and then tap the checkmark to run the function. The function runs, and the sum of the numbers you selected appears in the cell you chose. If you change any of the values in the cells you selected, the sum updates automatically. You can also use a menu to enter a function instead of typing it. Here's how to do it. Enter the data, then select the cell in which you want the sum to appear. Click or tap the Function button.

In the list of function categories, tap Math. The functions appear alphabetically. Scroll down, then tap SUM. In the spreadsheet, enter the range of numbers you want to add together. More from Lifewire.Now, that we've learnt how to enter dates and time to your spreadsheetit's time to talk about the ways of calculating time in Google Sheets.

We'll discuss the ways of finding time difference in detail, see how to sum dates and time together, and learn to display only date or time units and set them apart completely. When you're working on some projects, it is usually important to control how much time you spend. This is called elapsed time. Google Sheets can help you calculate the time difference in a lot of various ways. Let's assume the start time is in column A and the end time is in column B. With a simple subtraction formula in C2, you will find how much time this or that task took:.

To get the results as hours only or as hours, minutes, and seconds, you need to apply a custom format with the corresponding time codes: h and hh:mm:ss. Google even offers a special number format for cases like this - Duration :. You can track the time spent and get the result in one time unit disregarding other units. For example, count the number of only hours, only minutes, or only seconds.

To get the number of hours spent, subtract your start time from the end time and multiply the result by 24 since there are 24 hours in one day :. If the start time is greater than the end time, the formula will return a negative number, like in C5 in my example. To count minutes, substitute the start time from the end time and multiply whatever you get by 1, since there are 1, minutes in one day :.

To find out how many seconds passed between two times, the drill is the same: substitute the start time from the end time and multiply the result by 86, the number of seconds in a day :.

You can avoid multiplying in all these cases. If you click the down arrow to the right of the text field, you'll be able to choose between additional date and time units:.

**Google Sheets Formulas - Subtraction**

Example 4. Functions to get the time difference in a Google spreadsheet As always, Google Sheets equips you with three particularly useful functions for this purpose. These operations can also be achieved with two techniques: one involves basic math calculations, another - functions.

While the first way always works, the second one with functions works only when you add or subtract units less than 24 hours, or 60 minutes, or 60 seconds. Add more than 24 hours:. And there's a formula based on simple arithmetic to add and subtract over 60 minutes:. Add or subtract seconds in Google Sheets Seconds in Google Sheets are calculated in the same manner as hours and minutes. The trick here is to choose the correct format to display the result.

But most often the default time or duration format won't be enough, and you will need to come up with your own one. A7:A9 cells contain the same time value.

They are just displayed differently. And you can actually perform calculations with them: subtract, sum, convert to decimal, etc.

Let's imagine that one cell in Google Sheets contains both, date and time. You want to set them apart: extract only the date to one cell and only time to another. However, if you'd like to use these values for future calculations subtract, sum, etc. If you don't see the time unit in a cell, it doesn't necessarily mean that it's absent, and vice versa. Google stores dates and time as numbers. The integer part represents the date, the fractional - time.

## Subtracting in Google Spreadsheets

So, your task is down to separating integer from fractional.You can use either functions or equivalent arithmetic operators. I will come to that. Before that let me clarify that this Google Sheets tutorial is written keeping beginners in mind. If you are an advanced user, you may already know these functions or the equivalent operators.

So please check my Google Sheets Functions guide for advanced Google Sheets functions or the homepage for more details. Back to the topic. When it comes to multiplication, subtraction or division there are functions as well as arithmetic operators. In this Spreadsheet related tutorial, you can learn now how to perform basic calculations in Google Sheets.

The Sum is an amount obtained as a result of adding a series of numbers. When you want to sum an entire column, use the SUM formula in a different column. Otherwise, the formula may return an error. Type this formula in any cell. This would return That details you can find after few paras. You can not use any arithmetic operator as a perfect alternative to the SUM function in Google Sheets. But before proceeding further, I think I should talk a little bit about the arithmetic operators in Google Sheets.

The above are the four common in use arithmetic operators in Google Sheets. You can use these operators for addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division respectively.

Similar: Comparison Operators in Google Sheets. If the Cell A1 contains and A2 containsyou can refer the cell reference in the Minus formula as below. If you use the — Minus arithmetic operator in this case, the formula would be as follows. Here is one more example. In this example, you can see how to use Minus function in multiple cells in Google Sheets.

Enter the minus operator based formula in one cell and drag the fill handle down. Now the next one is Multiply. I normally use the equivalent arithmetic operators.When you want to subtract in Google Sheetsyou can't do it like you can on paper or with a calculator.

Subtracting in Google Sheets requires a particular syntaxand there are two ways to subtract cells and numbers in Google Sheets. One method can use multiple numbers and cell references. When you subtract on paper, you use the minus - symbol between the numbers. This is how it's done in Google Sheets. The only difference is that you refer to cells instead of numbers.

For example, to subtract two numbers on paper, you'd write something like Google Sheets can do this, but you reference the cells instead of the values, such as B1-C3. As shown in the above example, the formula needs to be written in the cell that will display the result.

This is A1 in the sample image. You can mix in real numbers if you don't have a cell with that value in it. Here's an example of that:. As you use the formula bar in Google Sheets, each color in the formula is shown in the corresponding cell references. This helps you keep track of what you're doing, and is useful as you add more parts to create a longer formula.

The only catch with this method is that it works with only two numbers. The syntax of this formula is a bit different than when you use the hyphen to subtract. Here's what it would look like to subtract A2 from A To visualize this formula like the first method above, we could write it like this with the same result:.

The order of the terms is important. When the A1 and A2 references in the formula above are switched, the result is since the formula subtracts from Equations of all types are generally calculated in left-to-right order, with the caveat that certain things are calculated before other things.

The precedence of what is calculated first is called the order of operations, and it follows this sequence:. The subtraction formula, because it works with many different terms, can also use cell references instead of numbers, and it can also compute functions as it resolves the math.

There's no practical limit to the terms, values, and functions you can employ within the subtraction formula.With Google Sheets, you can create, edit, and collaborate wherever you are.

### Calculating time in Google Sheets: subtract, sum and extract date and time units

For free. Thanks for signing up. You can unsubscribe at any time at the bottom of any email you receive from Google Docs. Google Sheets makes your data pop with colorful charts and graphs. Built-in formulas, pivot tables and conditional formatting options save time and simplify common spreadsheet tasks. All for free. Choose from a wide variety of budgets, schedules, and other pre-made spreadsheets — all designed to make your work that much better, and your life that much easier.

All your changes are automatically saved as you type. You can even use revision history to see old versions of the same spreadsheet, sorted by date and who made the change. Open, edit, and save Microsoft Excel files with the Chrome extension or app. Convert Excel files to Google Sheets and vice versa. Use the Explore panel to get an overview of your data, from informative summaries to a selection of pre-populated charts to choose from.

Take your Sheets experience even further with add-ons. Try the Yet Another Mail Merge add-on to create and send personalized emails. Sheets is ready to go when you are.

Simply create a spreadsheet through your browser or download the app for your mobile device. Never miss out on the latest updates and handy tips for getting the most out of Google Docs. Create amazing Kim spreadsheets Create spreadsheets Personal With Google Sheets, you can create, edit, and collaborate wherever you are.

Business The Google Sheets you love with added security and control for teams.

Attachment 3 to decree nLearn more. Sign up. Make it count Google Sheets makes your data pop with colorful charts and graphs.Spreadsheet users everywhere rejoiced when Google Sheets was released to the world back in Sheets is somewhat lacking in some features and functionality, but it is still a highly-capable software package. One of the most common uses for spreadsheet programs is to create calendars and to handle information about dates, such as timesheets or vacation schedules. Many users who create a spreadsheet dealing with dates find themselves needing to calculate how many days there are between two dates; that is, they need to find how many days there are between as an example July 1,and January 31, You could just look on a calendar and count the days up by hand, and that would work fine if the dates were very close together, but for large numbers of dates or dates that are far apart, a little help from the computer would sure be nice.

Fortunately, Google Sheets has a number of ways to find the number of days between two dates. Unlike Excel, Google Sheets has a subtraction function which is very handy for calculating simple date differences.

That is, as long as the dates are both in the same format.

Equations of circles worksheetCell D3 will now return the value 40, as shown directly below. You can also find the difference between the dates just by entering the cell references and not bothering with the MINUS function.

Skyrim se custom racesThat will also return Although, since you are directly subtracting dates without MINUS, the value in cell E will probably display in date format and look very strange. You might also input the cell references with the earlier date first. The unit for the function can be D daysM months or Y years. Then, expand the function with brackets that include the start date and end date cell references B3 and C3. Google Sheets includes DAY, which calculates the difference between dates for a day year.

The day calendar is used primarily for financial spreadsheets in which interest rate calculations might be required. The [method] is an optional indicator you can include for the day count method.

Change color of fa icon on hoverThen cell D4 will include a total of days between the selected dates. Note that the only real use for this particular function is if you are working with interest rates. This function only counts the weekdays, so it leaves weekends out of the equation.

## How To Calculate Days Between Dates in Google Sheets

There are a number of date-related functions in Sheets that you should be familiar with if you are going to be doing a lot of work with dates. While it may not be quite as powerful as something like Microsoft Excel, it can still handle a wide range of tasks, including finding the total number of days between two dates.

Have any other unique or interesting ways to work with dates in Google Sheets? Share them with us below!

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